Logistics and Digital Infrastructure
According to the World Economic Forum 2017-2018 Global Competitiveness Index, Nicaragua is the country with the best roads in Central America and ranks fifth in all of Latin America.
Nicaragua has been working to guarantee permanent transit of people and goods within the Caribbean Coast through periodic maintenance of over 300 km of highways. In addition, the country has built and reconditioned around 2,415 km of rural roads and 157 bridges.
By 2016, 44 percent of RACCN and 54 percent of RACCS had access to constant and stable electric energy. This represents around 313 communities in both regions and an investment of US$30 million to the continuous improvement and coverage of the service.
To facilitate national and international commerce, the Caribbean Coast has three main ports. Out of these, Arlen Siu Port is considered Nicaragua’s main route to international markets in the Caribbean and the United States’ East Coast.
The local airline La Costeña, subsidiary of Avianca, currently provides aerial transportation between Managua and the Caribbean Coast. It currently offers daily flights to Bluefields, Corn Island, Siuna, Bonanza, Bilwi, Río San Juan and Waspam. Likewise, the Caribbean Coast has three main cargo terminals located in Bilwi, Bluefields and Corn Island.
All municipal capitals of the Nicaraguan Caribbean have access to mobile and bandwidth data services. The city of Bluefields in the Southern Caribbean Coast has access to the submarine optic fiber ring ARCOS 1 and there is a project being developed to bring optic fiber connection to the rest of the Caribbean Coast.
Similarly, Nicaragua along with the World Bank are working on the CARCIP - Nicaragua program, which is focused on reducing the digital access gap between the Caribbean Coast and the rest of the country. This program would include the habilitation of 18 base stations that will bring mobile and internet access to the region.