Logistics and Digital Infrastructure
In 2018, Nicaragua was recognized once again in the Global Competitiveness Index, published by the World Economic Forum, for the progress made in the development of its infrastructure. The country surpassed countries such as Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador.
Nicaragua’s energy sector has been developing with great momentum over the last five years with important public and private investments nationwide. As a result, there has been an increase in the country's installed capacity going from 1,286 MW in 2012 to 1,482 MW in 2019.
Installed capacity (MW)
Renewable sources constitute 61 percent of the electric generation matrix. The goal of the Nicaraguan government is to reach 64 percent by 2023.
According to the Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure (MTI, for its acronym in Spanish), the national road network consists of 24,515 km. Likewise, Nicaragua is part of the Pan-American Highway, which consists of 382 km that link the country with Honduras in the north and Costa Rica in the south.
National Road Network
Nicaragua has 12 ports, of which five are being used for commercial cargo transport. The Port of Corinto, located in northwest Nicaragua, is the country’s main port and manages most of the commercial freight for export and import.
Some of the main maritime freight companies located in Nicaragua are:
Nicaragua has two international airports, three national airports, and six rural airports. The Augusto C. Sandino International Airport was ranked as one of the safest in Latin America and serves as a connection to 15 international destinations every day. Additionally, the Augusto C. Sandino International Airport has a cargo terminal that offers load and unloads services. The air cargo service is provided by:
Nicaragua has eight main custom posts: one at each international airport, four in the land border zones and two in its main ports.
Nicaragua’s telecommunications sector is privatized and is considered one of the most modern in Central America. Nicaragua is fully connected through the optic fiber rings Arcos, Maya, and Emergia, which are continuously updated to offer more sophisticated broadband services. The telecommunications regulating entity is the Nicaraguan Institute of Telecommunications and Post (TELCOR, for its acronym in Spanish).