Located in the heart of the Americas and connected with the world

Nicaragua is strategically located in the heart of the Americas, right in the center of Central America and just a few hours away from the main US and South American cities. The country has a surface area of 130,373 km² divided in 3 regions, each one having different climate and type of land, ideals for diverse crops.

Strategic location

Nicaragua enjoys a privileged connectivity with the main commercial destinations in the region and the rest of the world by plane, land, and sea.

By air, Nicaragua is only two hours away from the main air hubs of the United States. 

By land, Nicaragua has access to its neighboring countries in less than 24 hours, and to Mexico in an average of two days. The Pan-American Highway is the country’s main route for land transportation and is part of a complex highway system that connects Nicaragua’s main cities.

By sea, Nicaragua’s main port is Corinto, located 155km northwest of Managua in the Pacific Coast. Additionally, it is connected by land to Honduras’ and Costa Rica’s main ports which makes it an ideal distribution center for Central America. Nicaragua’s average shipping time is four days, to the main southern ports of the United States and South America.



Connectivity and market access

Preferential agreements have become an important component of trade liberalization in Nicaragua, which is why the country continues to seek opportunities to ensure its successful integration into international trade and the global economy.

Population density by country (/km²)

List of agreements

Source: Ministry of Development, Industry, and Trade (MIFIC), 2022.
Free Trade Agreements United States, Mexico, Panama, Dominican Republic, Chile, South Korea, European Union and United Kingdom.
Central American Common Market Nicaragua, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica and Panama. Additionally, free movement of capital, services and human resources among CA-4 countries.
Generalized System of Preferences Australia, Belarus, Japan, Norway, Canada, Russia, New Zealand and Switzerland.
ALBA agreement Venezuela, Nicaragua, Granada, Cuba, Antigua & Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Vicente and the Grenadines. Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname.
Agreements under Negotiation Peru, Paraguay and China.