The Central Bank of Nicaragua (BCN, for its acronym in Spanish) has reported foreign direct investment (FDI) gross incomes of US$632.1 million at the end of the first semester of 2021, which represents an increase of 88 percent vs. the same period in 2020. According to the BCN, a closing figure of around US$1.2 billion has been projected, which would represent an increase of 49 percent in relation to 2020.

According to the BCN report, the sector with the highest participation in the first half of 2021 was energy and mines with US$261.5 million, followed by telecommunications with US$95.8 million, industry with US$80.9 million, and financial with US$44.6 million.

Likewise, the main sources of FDI flows were the United States with US$214.4 million, Canada with US$101.1 million, Panama with US$80.3 million, Mexico with US$76.3 million, Spain with US$49.1 million, and Costa Rica with US$18.5 million.
These figures are part of the Update Report on the Evolution of FDI for the first half of 2021, which was prepared with the recommendations and support of international organizations such as the CAFTA DR Center of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

FDI income in 2018 amounted to US$1.1 billion, in 2019 to US$808.4 million, in 2020 to US$802.4 million, and the BCN's projection for 2021 is US$1.2 billion. This trend would represent a "significant recovery compared to what has been observed in recent years", said Ovidio Reyes, President of the BCN.

Regarding exports, it was reported that, as of October 2021, the closing figure for 2020 in the general regime has already been surpassed, which was US$2.9 billion. To date, more than US$3 billion have been registered in exports from the general regime.

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